Usage and Definition of Potassium Cyanide
Potassium Cyanide is the typical name for Cyanide, hydrocyanic acid and metal salts that can be derived from this acid. The most important ones are known as sodium cyanide and potassium cyanide. They are obtained by passing a mixture of ammonia and CO gases over industrially heated dry carbons. HCN (Hydrocyanic acid) is a very volatile liquid with the smell of bitter almonds. Boiled at 28 degrees Celsius. Its solution in water is very phytic acid. Cyanide and its compounds can be produced by chemical means, as well as by some plants and animals. There are many plants, bacteria and pests that produce cyanide in its natural form. Cherries, almonds, apricots, peaches, plums, beans, potatoes, radishes, cabbage, turnips, broccoli and corn produce cyanide compounds in natural form.
Many versions of cyanide are consumed in various industries. A large part of the produced HCN is used in the manufacture of chemicals, and the rest is used in the manufacture of NaCN. NaCN is also cyanide used in mining.
NaCN, whose main consumption area is mining, is also used in the chemical industry and optics industry. HCN is used in the manufacture of cyanide salts, animal feed, pesticides. Cyanide is the typical name for hydrocyanic acid and metal salts derived from this acid. All are strongly poisonous. The most important are sodium cyanide and potassium cyanide. They are obtained by passing a mixture of ammonia and CO gases over heated dry carbons in industry. The biggest precaution to be taken when dealing with cyanide compounds is to stay away from acidic compounds and acidic environments. When this environment is provided, cyanide compounds are not as risky as thought.
- It is one of the simple architectural stones of the chemical industry, as it consists of common elements such as cyanide, carbon and nitrogen, and easily reacts with other substances.
- Annually, over one million tons of cyanide, which accounts for 80% of its production, is used in the manufacture of organic chemicals such as nitrile, nylon and acrylic plastics.
- Other important applications in industry are electroplating, metalworking, steel hardening, photographic applications and synthetic rubber production.
- Iron cyanides are used to prevent agglomeration of salt sprinkled on icy methods.
- Hydrogen cyanide vapor is widely used in the cultivation of horticultural crops to exterminate rodents and large predators, and to inspect emerging pests that have become immune to other pesticides.
- However, cyanide is used in the pharmaceutical industry in the form of an anti-cancer substance called leatril and a substance called nitroprusside, which lowers high blood pressure.
- Cyanide compounds are also used in surgery as a curative or scar reducer.
- The remaining 20% of the cyanide is used in the manufacture of sodium cyanide, which is a simple and safe solid cyanide type compared to loading, unloading and transportation. 90% of this is used in mining around the world, with the vast majority being gold.
- The reason why cyanide is used in mining is that it is one of the rare chemical compounds that can react even with noble metals (gold, silver, nickel, etc.) because it binds strongly to metal ions.
- Since 1887, cyanide solutions have been used to extract gold and silver from ores that cannot be mined by other means. However, low concentration solutions of cyanide are used as a support flotation chemical in the recovery of non-ferrous metals such as bullets, copper and zinc.