Usage areas of Sodium chloride
Sodium chloride is defined in table salt chemistry as sodium chloride (NaCl). Sodium chloride is a white crystalline compound. Salt is one of the food sources of all living things. It is also a commercially important substance. Table salt has been an important need throughout history all over the world. Salt is one of the essential parts of life. Sodium chloride is one of the major ions found in extracellular fluids, including blood plasma. In this case, sodium chloride plays an important role in many life support processes.
Most of the sodium chloride, which is a must for diets, comes from salts. A certain amount of salt intake can be met by the consumption of legumes, fruits, and vegetables. The proportion of plant-based minerals may differ depending on where the plants are grown. Because the mineral content of the soils where the plants grow varies geographically.
Salt use is restricted in some areas. However, this situation ended with salt being a commercial material. Salt has historically been described as white gold.
The melting point of sodium chloride, that is, pure table salt, is 801 degrees. Decomposition does not occur during melting. At 1440 degrees, it turns into steam. It is pure, colorless, and crystalline. Table salt is found in nature, dissolved in the sea, like rock salt, and dried in the bed of inland seas.
- Salt is used directly or indirectly in the production of many chemicals that consume most of the world’s production.
- NaCl is used to produce sodium carbonate and calcium chloride by the Solvay process.
- Sodium carbonate is used to produce glass, sodium bicarbonate, and dyes as well as a number of other chemicals.
- It is used in the Mannheim process and the Hargreaves process for the production of sodium sulfate and hydrochloric acid.
- In oil and gas exploration, salt is an important component of drilling fluids in drilling. It is used to increase the density and agglomerate of the drilling fluid to overcome the high-grade gas pressure.
- Salt is also used to increase the hardening of concrete in cementitious pavements.
- In textiles and dyeing, salt is used as a brine rinse to separate organic contaminants, promote the “salting” of dye precipitates, and standardize them by mixing with concentrated dyes.
- One of its main tasks is to provide a positive ion charge to enhance the absorption of negatively charged ions.
- It is also used in the processing of aluminum, beryllium, copper, steel, and vanadium.
- In the pulp and paper industry, salt is used to bleach wood pulp.
- It is also used to make sodium chlorate, an excellent oxygen-based bleaching chemical to produce chlorine oxide with sulfuric acid and water.