Usage areas of Sodium silicate
Sodium silicate is a chemical component with the formula Na2(SiO2)nO. Sodium silicate is the substance known as water glass. Its general form is colorless. However, they can take on a green or blue color with foreign substances in their commercially used derivatives. Sodium silicate is frequently used in the cement industry, textiles, timber processing industry, automobiles and refractory materials. It can be formed as a result of the reaction of sodium carbonate and silicon dioxide materials.
Sodium silicate is a colorless and clear component. This substance, also known as water glass or water-soluble glass, is subject to different classifications according to its crystal structure. Classification method is X-ray diffraction method. When mixed with water, it takes on a syrup-like structure. Some sodium silicates of different groups are not easily soluble in water. The best way to dissolve these substances is to heat water under pressure.
Sodium silicate is the raw material of silica gels. In addition, it is frequently used in detergent making, cement structure for glass, ceramics and pottery making, fireproof paper making, woodworking industry, cement processing industry, dyeing and printing of clothes. It is also a good binder adhesive for bonding cardboard and molding sands.
- Silica gel production
- Preventing the sedimentation of dirt during the structuring of detergents and cleaning
- As a peroxide stabilizer in the textile industry and paper production
- As an ink solvent
- As a welding rod binder
- To disrupt the liquefaction and coagulation of clay in ceramic production
- As a fireproof paper catalyst
- In the hardening of concrete
- In concretes having an acid-proof structure
- Preventing wear in oil processing
- In the processing of timber
- Purification of water and prevention of coagulation
- As a pH regulator in the textile industry
- Na4O4Si is used in the packaging of minerals in mining.
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