Usage areas of Trisodium citrate
Trisodium citrate has the chemical formula Na3C6H5O7. Sodium citrate is sometimes referred to simply as sodium citrate, although it may refer to any of the three sodium salts of citric acid. Saline has a slightly tart flavor. It is lightweight, and can be used with citric acid to make biocompatible buffers.
Tri-Sodium Citrate, one of the sodium salts of citric acid, is a compound found in every living organism, part of key metabolic pathways in all body cells. It is found in high concentrations in sour fruits, kiwi, strawberries, and many other fruits. It is prepared commercially by the mold Aspergillus niger fermenting molasses.
- Sodium citrate is often used as a food additive as a flavoring or preservative. The E number is E331.
- Sodium citrate is used as a flavoring agent in certain varieties of club soda.
- Sodium citrate is common as an ingredient in Bratwurst and is also commercially available for beverage and beverage mixes and adds a tart flavor.
- It is found in gelatin mixture, ice cream, jam, dessert, powdered milk, processed cheeses, sodas, and wine.
- Sodium Citrate can be used as an emulsifier when making cheese. It allows the cheese to melt without being greasy.
- Citrate, a conjugate base of a weak acid, can resist change in pH, acting as a buffering agent or acidity regulator.
- Sodium citrate is used to control the acidity of certain substances such as gelatin desserts. It is found in mini milk containers used in coffee machines.
- Sodium citrate is a particularly effective substance for removing carbonate scale from boilers without removing them and for cleaning automobile radiators.