Definition and Usage Areas of Zinc chloride
Zinc chloride, also known as zinc butter, is an inorganic salt that is highly soluble in water and is often used as a catalyst and disinfectant in organic synthesis.
Zinc chloride is mostly thought of as an ionic compound but has been found to have a more covalent behavior. Zinc chloride can react in various ways, all similar to the reaction shown by covalent compounds: for example, complex formation with water molecule or in the presence of alkaline solution complex species are formed such as: Zn ( OH) 3 Cl 2- , Zn (OH) 2 Cl 2- or ZnOHCl 2- .
Zinc comes after iron, aluminum, and copper in terms of annual use in the world.
- In galvanizing other metals such as steel for corrosion protection,
- In the production of alloys such as brass, nickel silver, different solders, German silver,
- Generally in casting molds in the automotive industry,
- It is used in the construction of the bodies of batteries.
- Zinc oxide is used as a white pigment in watercolors and as an activator in the rubber industry.
- It is in the composition of some over-the-counter ointments and when applied as a thin layer, it prevents the skin from losing water. It protects against sunburn in summer and cold burns in winter. Redness on the skin can be prevented by using a very small amount on the diaper-bound areas of babies.
- It is also used in the treatment of age-related eye diseases.
- Zinc chloride is used in deodorants and as a wood preservative.
- Zinc sulfide is used as a glow-in-the-dark pigment in the hour and minute hands of watches.
- Zinc methyl (Zn(CH3)2) is used in the synthesis of many organic substances.